The year 1947 was a great time for the transition and empowerment of the representation of women. Due to the strong cultural influences regarding the position of women in powerful organizations and bodies, the women are poorly represented in political positions not only in Japan but in other oriental nations as well. However, women in the history of Japan are known to take active roles in the movement and motions of politically related advocacies.
It was the 1947 constitution that defined the true equality between the men and women of Japan. It is the time where they are finally given the right to vote, enter national universities and even run for parliament. However, despite all the rights and opportunities granted by the constitution, women in the Japanese government still did not seem to improve in number in the first few decades after the ratification of the constitution.
Sociologists and experts of the field are mind boggled with the slow growth in women’s representation in politics and that they have done endless researches regarding the matter. Based on the results of their studies, one of the factors is related to the fact that political parties themselves do not provide as much opportunities to women as they do to men. The women, while the Japanese culture has molded the society in a way wherein men and women have “gender type” roles, think that it is only right that they know their place.
In the recent decades, women’s representation in politics has grown in number. The most prominent of them are known as the Ozawa Girls, as the media has nicknamed them. The Democratic Party of Japan or (DPJ) has handpicked more than 20 women to take on the line up of their rival, Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). In doing so, these Ozawa Girls have significantly lifted the representation of women in the lower house parliament to over 10% for the first time in Japanese political history in 2009. Furthermore, it is in the plans and platforms of Prime Minister Abe to improve the representation of women not only in the government but generally in all aspect of Japan’s economy, particularly the workforce.
image by japandailypress