Japan’s Feudal era introduced one of Japan’s more powerful and popular warriors in pop culture; the samurai. In 1185, Samurai Minamoto no Yoritomo became a shogun after defeating the Taira clan in the Genpei war. He then concentrated the power into Kamakura. The Hojo clan then became the successors after Yoritomo’s death, and became the next ones in line for the title of shogun. This period also introduced Japan to Buddhism, which was an influence from China and became popular and was quickly adapted by the samurais. Attempts of invasion by the Mongolians occurred on two occasions, in 1274 and in 1281, but were both stopped and resisted by the Kamakura shogunate. They were eventually defeated by the Emperor Go-Daigo, who himself got killed at the hands of Ashikaga Takauji in 1336.
Takauji then brought and shifted the power of shogunate into Muromachi, Kyoto, which marked the end of the Kamakura period and marked the beginning of the Muromachi period, which started from 1336 until 1573. In this period, Zen Buddhism achieved greater popularity, and the shogunate was experiencing new heights of glory during Takauji’s tenure. It eventually evolved into the Higashiyama culture and continued to have glory up until the 16th century. A series of bad events, however, turned the tide and changed the scene again for Japan, as the succeeding shogunate failed to impose his control over the feudal warlords, which in turn escalated into a civil war that started in 1467. This period then paved the way for a dark period which was called the Sengoku period. During this period, Japan was able to have access with other countries such as Portugal, which opened the possibilities of trade and also cultural exchange. It gave Japan access to firearms, in which they used to alleviate their problems with the feudal warlords. Hideyoshi then succeeded after the assassination of the previous leader, and went on to reunite the nation and invade Korea.
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