Pac-Man was first released on May 22, 1980 in Japan by video gaming developer and company Namco. It is an arcade game which helped paved the way for a new genre of gaming when space shooter games and other sports themed games were dominating the video game industry in the 1980s. Pac-Man ended up as being one of the most iconic video games in pop culture history, and becoming one of the most successful and best selling video games of any kind of genre. Pac-Man generated about 2.5 billion dollars in income by the 1990s. The mechanics of the game revolve around pac-man moving around a maze while eating continuously dots or pellets which is known as pac-dots.
The objective is to be able to eat all of the pac-dots in the maze, while staying alive by avoiding enemies in the process. If an enemy touches Pac-Man, Pac-Man dies and the user loses a life. If the user loses all of the lives, then the game ends immediately. Pac-Man, however gains the ability to eat his enemies by eating the bigger and flashing dots known as the power pellets, which are found at the 4 corners of the maze. There are 4 enemies of Pac-Man in the game, which are colored red, orange, blue, and pink. The enemies have their own distinct movement and behavior in the maze, with the red chasing Pac-Man all the time, the blue and the pink are always aiming to stay in front of Pac-Man’s mouth. The orange, meanwhile, tends to be more random among the 4, which according to some game analysis, tends to move towards the lower-left corner or follow Pac-Man relentlessly. Upon release of the game, the Pac-Man had a lukewarm reception from the Japanese people, while it became an instant hit in the United States. This is because of the popularity of space shooter games during that era.
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